Camp Springs, MD (301) 423-3313

College Park, MD (301) 474-5300

Gaithersburg, MD (301) 921-0077

Maryland minor abortion law

Maryland Abortion Minor Laws

Mar 25, 2019

In the state of Maryland, the law requires that one parent or guardian must be notified before an unmarried minor has an abortion. If you are under 18 years old and are not married, you are considered to be a minor.

Your parent and/or guardian does not need to consent (agree) with your choice, but does need to know that you are planning to have an abortion. The Maryland Parental Notification Law states no notification is required if, in the judgment of the doctor performing the abortion:

  • Minor is mature and capable of giving her informed consent to the procedure, OR
  • Notification would not be in the minor’s best interest, OR
  • Notice may lead to physical or emotional abuse of the minor, OR
  • Minor patient does not live with her parent or guardian, OR
  • A reasonable effort to give notice has been unsuccessful.

Our experience at Metropolitan Family Planning, and the scientific research done by the Alan Guttmacher Institute, show that the vast majority of adolescents (81%, according to the AGI study) already involve a parent or adult in their abortion decision. The remaining young girls usually do not turn to their parent because of difficult circumstances, they may not live with the parent, or they may be legitimately concerned about abuse or being thrown out of their homes. Luckily, Maryland law provides the above exclusions to protect these young people.

Maryland’s Minor Consent Law for Reproductive Health Services
(Article 20-102 of the Maryland Annotated Code)

This law permits minors to receive contraceptive services on a confidential basis. The law states that “a minor has the same capacity as an adult to consent to treatment for or advice about drug abuse, alcoholism, venereal disease, pregnancy, and contraception other than sterilization.”

This means minors can get the following services without parental knowledge or consent:

  • Pregnancy Testing
  • Birth Control
  • Annual Exams
  • Testing and Treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

At Metropolitan Family Planning we encourage adolescents to discuss seeking birth control with their parent/guardian, but we do not require them to do so.

If you want to learn more about birth control please do not hesitate to contact us at one of our three locations:

Camp Springs, MD (301) 423-3313

College Park, MD (301) 474-5300

Gaithersburg, MD (301) 921-0077